Engagement and Retention
Clinical Care and Management (CCM)
In CTN 283, researchers designed and tested an electronic questionnaire (I-Score) to measure, from the point of view of people living with HIV, the factors that make it difficult to consistently take antiretroviral therapy (ART). This tool aims to help doctors discuss treatment issues with their patients. Now that the tool is developed, pilot study CTNPT 039 will begin to test the I-Score questionnaire in routine HIV care. Patients will fill out the questionnaire through a smartphone application called Opal. As a pilot, this study will focus on evaluating how participants feel about using the tool and will lay the groundwork for a larger trial to test its effectiveness. You can read more about this study on our website.
Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) give valuable information that can improve and streamline care, benefitting both patients and care providers. However, they are not often used in HIV care. Many people living with HIV face a variety of barriers that make it difficult to consistently take their ART. Care providers may not always know when their patients face these barriers. This can limit communication about these issues and provider efforts to address them. The I-Score tool is PROM that is accessed through a smartphone application and is specifically focused on barriers to ART adherence in people living with HIV.
Information about the I-Score tool will be collected from study participants via Opal, a patient portal and smartphone app. This app is already used at the McGill University Health Centre (MUHC) and allows patients to book appointments, view lab results, and access educational materials and PROMs like the I-Score. The app will be tailored to meet the needs of people living with HIV.
CTNPT 039 will enroll 30 patients and five physicians from one clinic at the MUHC. During the study, participants will meet with their physician three times over six months and will complete the I-Score using their smartphone before their visit. Participating physicians will receive the I-Score results before each visit so they can review them with the patient during the study visit. Participants will also complete study questionnaires, clinical testing, and interviews about their experiences. Physicians will participate in focus groups to understand how the tool worked from their perspective.
The information collected from this pilot study will help inform researchers about how acceptable and usable the I-Score tool is. It will also provide information about any improvements that could be made for a larger trial. A larger trial would aim to understand if this tool can effectively improve ART adherence for people living with HIV.
To be eligible, participants must:
People may not participate if they:
Please contact the principal investigators for additional information or for participation inquiries.